Botswana's capital city background
Gaborone (gäbero´ne), city ( pop. 186,000), capital of Botswana.
It is located on the country's major railroad line and has a small international airport. The city is the country's administrative center. Nearby manganese and asbestos mines have led to increased industrial expansion. The city was founded c.1890 by Gaborone Matlapin, an African chief. In 1965 it replaced Mafikeng, South Africa, as capital of the Bechuanaland Protectorate; it remained the capital when Bechuanaland became independent as Botswana in 1966. The South African Development Community (SADC) makes its headquarters in Gaborone; the organization was formed in 1980 in order to increase economic cooperation among its members and reduce dependence on South Africa. Gaborone is the seat of the Univ. of Botswana (1971).
*Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition, Copyright (c) 2003.